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HISTORICAL and GEOGRAPHICAL references of DRACULA
Historically, the name “Dracula” is derived from a secret fraternal order of knights called the Order of the Dragon, founded by Sigismund of Luxembourg (king of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia, and Holy Roman Emperor) to uphold Christianity and defend the Empire against the Ottoman Empire Ottoman Turks. Vlad II Dracul, father of Vlad III, was admitted to the order around 1431 because of his bravery in fighting the Turks. From 1431 onward, Vlad II wore the emblem of the order and later, as ruler of Wallachia, his coinage bore the dragon symbol. The name Dracula means “Son of Dracul”.
During “Vlad the Impaler’s” main reign (1456–1462), is said to have killed from 40,000 to 100,000 European civilians (political rivals, criminals, and anyone else he considered “useless to humanity”), mainly by using his favourite method of impaling them on a sharp pole. The main sources dealing with these events are records by Transylvanian Saxons Saxon settlers in neighbouring Transylvania, who had frequent clashes with Vlad III. Vlad III is revered as a folk hero by Romanian people Romanians for driving off the invading Turks. His impaled victims are said to have included as many as 100,000 Ottoman Empire Ottoman Islam Muslims.
Many of Stoker’s (Author of “Dracula”) biographers and literary critics have found strong similarities to the earlier Irish writer Sheridan le Fanu’s classic of the vampire genre, ”Carmilla”. In writing ”Dracula”, Stoker may also have drawn on stories about the sídhe, some of which feature blood-drinking women. The folkloric figure of Abhartach has also been suggested as a source.
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